Pomeranian Grooming: 
10 Steps to a Beautiful Pom

Pomeranian Grooming: 10 Steps to a Beautiful Pom was written by Guest Author, Lilly Andrews

Pomeranian Grooming:  Ten Steps to a Beautiful PomPomeranian Grooming

When it comes to toy dog breeds, the Pomeranian dog is one of the most popular breeds among pet lovers. In fact, it ranks 22nd on the list of AKC’s most popular dog breeds in America. It’s far from the top spots, but who wouldn’t be attracted to Pomeranians?

Although they can be costly, Pomeranian dogs are worth the price for their adorable features, intelligence, and being a source of happiness. But one feature that makes Pomeranians more adorable than other dogs is their hair. If the hair or fur is maintained correctly, this toy dog breed looks so attractive that you want to show it off all the time.

Pomeranian Grooming in a Nutshell

Similar to the Spitz dog breed, the Pomeranian’s body at maturity is covered with two coats of hair, consisting of a top layer of guard fur over a short undercoat. Pom puppies, on the other hand, look different with short and soft coats, which fall out and change into the two-layered fur as they mature.

The adult pom fur will surface after the puppy turns its first year. Once the puppy hair falls, the mature coats come out. Aside from that, the color of the fur also changes as the Pomeranian grows. It’s a drastic transformation since pom pups wear a different color and usually have another color when they turn adults. You don’t have to worry about the changes as the dogs normally undergo such transformations.

Importance of Fur Care

Knowing how to look after your dog properly is a must if you want to have an adorable, healthy, and happy pet. A healthy hair coat is a sign of a healthy dog. It also implies that the environment where the dog is living is clean. It goes without saying, however, that maintaining the hair of a Pomeranian dog can prove to be challenging, especially for amateurs.

If the hair isn’t properly managed, the dog loses one of its major charms. But more than just losing its lock-cutesiness, poor management of pom fur may result in a lot of serious problems affecting the Pomeranian’s health. One example is the presence of external dog parasites (fleas, lice, mites, and ticks) that cause extreme skin irritations or carry diseases.

Another issue of improper caring of pom fur is the difficulty of noticing any skin condition that your dog is suffering from. Skin problems like dry patches, infection or inflammation may be too difficult to detect if the hair is too long or dirty.

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10 Pomeranian Grooming Tips

We have established the importance of managing the pom’s fur, and it’s not exactly a walk in the park. To make sure that you conveniently take care of your pet’s hair, here are tips you can apply.

1. Brush and Comb Hair Regularly

Brush and Comb Your Pomeranian Regularly to prevent mats from forming.Brush and Comb Your Pomeranian Regularly to prevent mats from forming.

How frequently should you brush your Pomeranian’s hair? It is advisable to brush it’s fur, at least, twice a week. Brushing the coat daily will not only prevent hair mats and keep external particles from hiding in your pet’s fur, but it also keeps those items out of your furniture.

Meanwhile, brushing your dog twice a week will only prevent the mats from accumulating in its hair even though external particles could still find their way into it.  So, as you can see, one of the most important Pomeranian Grooming tasks involves brushing.

When brushing the fur, be sure to work with the right brush; a slicker brush would be an appropriate choice.  

You can use a pin brush, but the bristles should be cushion-tipped to prevent the coat from getting damaged.

As you comb through the hair, ensure that the bristles reach the skin. It would not be helpful just to brush the topcoat. You need to brush the undercoat and get rid of the external objects, as well as the fur mats that could damage the dog’s locks.

Here are a couple of Pomeranian Grooming Tools that were recommended to Small Dog Place by a professional groomer.

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2.  Get Rid of Mats

One of the most common problems that pet owners have to deal with is the formation of mats or hair tangles. Many external factors can cause fur mats to form, but it is better to always check your pet for these annoying knots as early possible.

Early detection of this hair problem prevents tangles from getting more irreparable. But if these tangles get out of hand and  you can no longer handle the mats, you should bring the dog to a pet grooming center and let the professional do the untangling.

3.  Give Your Pooch a Bath

Poms need a good bath now and again but don't overdo it.Poms need a good bath now and again but don't overdo it.

Washing your pet is one of the loveliest things you can do for a Pom Pom, but you don’t have to do it on a daily basis. Apparently, bathing this toy dog will not be productive at all, and that’s totally fine.

Unlike other dog breeds, it’s OK not to over bathe a Pomeranian. Washing it, at least, once a month is enough. Aside from that, make sure that you use well-formulated shampoo and conditioner for the dogs to keep the dog’s skin from drying and the hair from tangling. It is also advisable to brush the dog’s hair before giving it a well-deserved bath.

4. Blow-dry and Brush After Bath

Always blow dry and brush your Pom at the same time to prevent mats from forming.Always blow dry and brush your Pom at the same time to prevent mats from forming.

It is now time to dry and brush your little furry friend. You can use a blow dryer to dry its hair while gently brushing the strands out entirely. A blow dryer can tangle the hair. Hence it’s essential to brush as you blow-dry.

As far as the blow-drying is concerned, always make sure that the blown air is in the same direction as you brush its fur. It is also advisable to set the blow dryer on a cool setting to avoid burning the dog.

Since the undercoat of Pomeranians can trap a lot of moisture and cause skin irritations, you need to be confident that your dog is entirely dry before switching off the machine.

5. Give a Pomeranian Grooming Session

You can do a home grooming session or take your Pomeranian to a Professional Groomer.You can do a home grooming session or take your Pomeranian to a Professional Groomer.

It is typical for hair to grow and that’s why giving your Pom Pom a cute haircut would give the dog a refreshing look. You have the option to the do the trimming yourself. But if you’re too anxious to do it, you can let a professional dog groomer handle the cutting.

One advantage of maintaining your dog’s hair length shorter is that it will require less grooming. Your pooch will also be less prone to forming mats. You don’t have to trim your dog after every bath though. Giving it a haircut, maybe once or twice a month is totally fine.

6. Check for Signs of an Unhealthy Coat

While grooming your pom, it is a good idea to take a moment and check the coat for signs that the hair is having some issues or your pom has some underlying health issues.

As previously mentioned, a healthy fur is a sign of a healthy dog. But how do your if the hair isn’t properly maintained? Watch for these symptoms.

1. Dandruff

The presence of dandruff on dogs is one of the most evident signs of unhealthy skin and hair. If you run your hands through your pooch’s hair and spot unsightly flakes of dry, old skin, dandruff may be the most definite culprit. Not only do you need to pay more attention to your dog henceforth, but you should also bring in a pet professional to check up on your dog.

2. Dull Fur

A shiny fur signifies typically health and liveliness in dogs. If your Pomeranian has got dull, lifeless, and excessively thin fur, it may just be the time to review your care efforts. That hair is definitely unhealthy, and therefore, requires a better hair care approach. You can always bring in a veterinarian to help you address the hair and even the dog’s health issues.

3. Dryness

More often than not, rough and dehydrated hair in pooches is a sign of a problem with the hair. If your dog’s hair appears excessively dry and susceptible to mats that make grooming complicated, it could be due to a number of issues: excessive use of cosmetic products, overwashing the dog, or the foods you feed. Such factors can cause damage to the dog’s hair.

4. Hair Loss

Just like humans, dogs also experience hair loss, but it’s a normal circumstance. Dogs do shed their hair once in a while. But if the hair loss is to a greater extent, then it is a surefire sign of an unhealthy dog. Don’t ignore the numerous patches of hairless skin all over your Pomeranian’s skin.

Apart from that, do pay attention to your dog’s fur if it seems to fall out too quickly, especially during grooming sessions.

Not only does hair loss signify hair and skin problems, but hair loss may also indicate stress and more severe health issues, like stress hyperadrenocorticism or Cushing’s disease, which is a hormonal disorder in dogs. It goes without saying that seeing a veterinarian is the best thing to do if you notice that your dog is losing so much hair than usual.

5. Greasy Hair

If your Pomeranian has greasy fur, then don’t neglect it; oily hair can be a sign of a dietary problem. Don’t hesitate to take your dog to a veterinarian for a much more definite diagnosis.

If food happens to be the primary cause of its oily fur, then changes in diet and intake should be followed. Give the medicines as prescribed by the vet and don’t try to offer supplements that are not approved by the doctor.

7.  Check and Clip Nails

Clipping Your Pom's nails is just part of a good Pomeranian grooming routine.Clipping Your Pom's nails is just part of a good Pomeranian grooming routine.

Like all dog breeds, the Pom needs the nails clipped on a regular basis.  One sure sign that the nails are too long is to listen for the clicking sound that nails make on hard surfaces.  Clipping the nails is one of those grooming tasks that can be done at home or by a groomer or at the vet office.

8.  Dental Care

Brush your dog's teeth regularly to prevent tartar buildup and tooth decay.Brush your dog's teeth regularly to prevent tartar buildup and tooth decay. Schedule teeth brushing jobs just as you would other Pomeranian Grooming tasks.

Dental care is not only important for people but also for dogs.  Regular brushing using a dog toothpaste or another product available over-the-counter will pay off in the long run. 

Dogs with built up tartar will eventually need professional cleaning and that can become costly so it's better to take care of those teeth even from puppyhood.

9.  Clean the Ears

When bathing, or grooming, it is always a good idea to check the ears.  They should be free of odor, but if you do notice a smell, it is time to have them checked by a veterinarian.  Odor often signifies infection. 

If the ear looks dirty or has a build up of wax, a good dog ear cleaner will take care of that.  Even if the dog's ears appear clean, it is not a bad idea to wipe them out with a clean cotton ball.

10.  Check for External Parasites

There are several types of external parasites that are readily visible on a dog's coat:  Ticks, Fleas, and Mites. Your Pomeranian grooming session is a good time to check out the hair.

If your Pom has accompanied you into a wooded area, it is advisable to check for ticks as soon as you arrive home.  Don't wait until your next grooming session for this type of check.  

Fleas can jump on and off dogs randomly, so checking for them during your normal grooming routine is a good idea.  You may not be able to see the flea itself because these little parasites are very quick.  Look, instead for flea dirt (the excrement that fleas leave behind).  This will appear as grains of fine black pepper.  When you see this, it's time to treat for fleas.

Mites are much harder to see and may look like dandruff.  If ever in doubt, a trip to your veterinarian can confirm whether you are witnessing a mite problem or simple dandruff.


Pomeranians are a very nice breed of dogs to keep at home as pets. They are adorable, friendly, and full of life.

They have beautiful fur, which makes them stand out from other dog breeds. However, to ensure your Pom’s coat always looks at its best, you should know how to take care of it properly. It’s not only for the sake of your dog, but it will also save you from the hassle of spending too much money.

Author Bio

Lilly Andrews loves dogs, particularly furry breeds. She has two dogs, Tucker (Chihuahua-Shih Tzu) and Adi (Labrador Retriever). Aside from being a dog lover, she manages her own Cost Freak that provides updated prices of products and services.

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