Want Tiny?  Check out Russian Toy Terriers

Russian Toy Dog: Small Dog Place

If you are looking for a tiny dog with a lot of character, Russian toy terriers are the perfect dog breed for you. The Russian toy terrier, which is also known as the Russkiy Toy Terrier is one of the smallest dog breeds in the world.

However, this is not a dog that is aware of its small size – it is active and bold. It is always ready to protect and defend its owner and act like a guard dog. The Russian terrier is a family dog. It gets very attached to its owner and family and is extremely loyal. This is a dog that gets along with everybody and becomes an important member of the family.

Quick Facts About Russian Toy Terriers

Other Names Used:  Russkiy Toy Terrier, Russian Toy Dog, Russian Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier, and Moscow Toy Terrier

Affiliation: AKC, UKC, FSS: Toy Breed

Height: 8-10 inches

Weight: 4-6 pounds

Coat Type: Two different types: Long-haired, Smooth-haired

Colors: blue & tan, black & tan, brown & tan, sable, red

Country of Origin: Russia

Activity Level: Energetic

Life Expectancy: 10-12 years

Good with Children: good with children of all ages

Good with other pets: yes

History of the Breed

The Russian Toy Terrier has a long history. It was bred from the English Terrier and remained isolated in Russia for a very long time. Although there is first evidence of the English Terrier in Russia in 1726, the breed became popular only in the second half of the 19thcentury.

By the beginning of the 20thcentury, the Russian Toy was one of the most popular dogs in the country. However, their number was greatly reduced between the 1920 and 1950 following the October Revolution. This was mostly due to the fact that these dogs were linked to aristocracy. The breed suffered a big step back at that time. When the Russian Toy Terrier was finally restarted, most of the dogs were not pure bred and few had pedigrees.

Russia’s isolation led to the creation of this whole new breed and to its standardization. When the Iron Curtain fell, many new dog breeds were imported and the popularity of the Russian Toy decreased. But, by the 1990, it was back up, all thanks to a new generation of breeders. It is only in the 1990, that the Russian Toy Terrier became known outside of Russia. The breed was finally recoded in the Foundation Stock Service in 2008 and is very popular today.

Personality of this
Small Breed Dog

The Russian Toy Terrier is a dog that is known for being lively and active. They love to run around and play, and require their fair share of training and exercise. At the same time, the Russian Toy Terrier has a very calm personality.

In fact, people are a big part of this dog’s life. They are ideal companions and are very devoted to their owners. They get along great with everybody. Age is not a factor: Russian Toys are great with children and can be a superb companion for an elderly person. These dogs even get along with the other animals.

The Russian Toy Terriers are often described as being perky, friendly, and active. They are neither shy nor vicious dogs.

Even though the Russian Toy Terrier is tiny, it is always ready to jump in and protect its owner. They are also very easy to train as they are smart and always eager to please their owners. A

Russian Toy Terrier is a dog that can bring a lot of joy and fun to a household. It is also a dog that can be your constant companion. Not only does the Russian Toy Terrier love being with its owner, but its size make it extremely easy to take it with you wherever you go.

Grooming Russian Toy Terriers

Russian toy terriers can be long-haired and smooth-haired. The long-haired terriers have long hair on their ears, which gives them a very unique and adorable look. Because they have different coats, the long-haired and the smooth-haired terriers have different grooming needs. Obviously, the long-haired Russian Toy Terrier needs more care. Its coat needs to be groomed once a day. It also requires a bath more often than the smooth-haired RTT does.

The smooth-haired Russian Toy Terrier only needs to be brushed once a week. It can also be wiped off with a damp wash cloth. A bath is still a necessity, and the smooth-haired terrier needs to be bathed at least once a month. When bathing both of these types of dog, it is crucial not to get water inside their big ears. It is important to take care of the Russian Toy Terrier’s ears and clean them regularly. 

Health Issues

Fortunately, the Russian Toy Terrier has very few medical concerns and is generally quite healthy. They are not predisposed to cancer or other diseases of the liver, prostate, gastrointestinal tract, or neoplasm. But they have been known to suffer from bone fractures, patellar luxation, severe allergies to flea and rabies medication, and sometimes experience teeth issues when changing from the puppy to adult teeth.

Pros of Russian Toy Terriers

  • Lively, perky breed
  • Very healthy
  • Easy to keep in an apartment
  • Very loyal and friendly with everybody
  • Few grooming tasks
  • Easy to take along


Cons of Russian Toy Terriers

  • May need your protection when they try to protect you from other dogs
  • Like all the other dogs, they need exercise.

References & Further Reading


AKC Russian Toy Terriers